Soybean Growth Stages and Maximizing Yield with Concept AgriTek Products

Close up of soybean plant

Soybeans are one of the most important crops worldwide, with the United States, Brazil, and Argentina all vying and succeeding at being top producers of the quality protein source.

To meet the growing global demand for this valuable crop, farmers are constantly seeking ways to optimize soybean growth and maximize yields. One key aspect of successful soybean production is understanding the different growth stages and implementing best practices for disease mitigation and yield optimization. Concept AgriTek, a leading provider of innovative fertility solutions, has built a business that leverages agronomy, biology, and chemistry with a farmer-first approach that always elevates education and what is best for an individual operation over the sale of a product.

Understanding Soybean Growth Stages

Soybean growth is divided into vegetative (V) and reproductive (R) stages. The vegetative stages are numbered according to the number of fully developed trifoliate leaves present, while the reproductive stages begin with flowering and include pod development, seed development, and plant maturation.

Some key vegetative stages include:

  • VE (emergence): Cotyledons emerge above the soil surface
  • VC (cotyledon): Unifoliolate leaves unroll sufficiently so the leaf edges are not touching
  • V1: First trifoliolate leaf is fully developed
  • V2: Second trifoliolate leaf is fully developed
  • V(n): nth trifoliolate leaf is fully developed

Important reproductive stages include[3][10][12]:

  • R1 (beginning bloom): At least one flower is present on the plant
  • R3 (beginning pod): Pods are 3/16 inch long at one of the four uppermost nodes
  • R5 (beginning seed): Seed is 1/8 inch long in the pod at one of the four uppermost nodes
  • R6 (full seed): Pod containing a green seed that fills the pod cavity at one of the four uppermost nodes
  • R8 (full maturity): 95% of pods have reached mature color

Understanding these growth stages is crucial for making informed management decisions, such as the timing of fertilizer applications and disease control and damage mitigation.

Concept AgriTek Products for Soybean Growth and Yield

Concept AgriTek offers a systematic approach to improving soil and plant nutrition year-round, providing agronomy, biology, and chemistry solutions for a individualized recommendation for every field. No two farms are the same.

If a product in the Concept AgriTek portfolio is a fit, the team will work with a farmer to find what works for both the issue needing addressed and the farmer’s budget.

Soybean Stages and Risk Mitigation

During the early vegetative stages, Concept AgriTek’s planter-applied fertility products can promote strong root development and early plant growth. These products are designed to provide essential nutrients and biological components that enhance soil health and support the plant’s early development.

As the soybean crop progresses through the vegetative and reproductive stages, Concept AgriTek’s foliar fertility products can help maintain optimal plant nutrition. These products are formulated to provide targeted nutrition at critical growth stages, supporting pod development, seed fill, and overall plant health.

In addition to fertility products, Concept AgriTek also offers plant and soil amendment technology that can help combat plant diseases and unlock plant-unavailable nutrients in the soil profile. These innovative solutions can contribute to disease mitigation and improved nutrient uptake, ultimately leading to higher yields.

Best Practices for Disease Mitigation and Yield Maximization

Soybean diseases can significantly reduce crop vigor and yield potential. Some common soybean diseases include anthracnose, brown stem rot, frogeye leaf spot, Phytophthora root and stem rot, and Sclerotinia stem rot (white mold). To minimize the impact of these diseases, farmers should implement a combination of preventive and responsive measures.

Preventive measures include:

  • Planting high-quality, disease-resistant seed
  • Practicing crop rotation with non-legume crops
  • Managing soil fertility, weeds, and insects
  • Maintaining healthy, resilient plants throughout the crop
  • Applying fungicide seed treatments
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